As a non-essential amino acid, TAURINE is one of the most abundant amino acids in the body which can be found in the central nervous system, white blood cells, the brain and skeletal muscles. It can help improve exercise performance and body composition.
Similar to Glutamine, TAURINE can also be considered a conditionally essential amino acid as during times of extreme physical exhaustion the body does not produce enough and supplementation is required.
TAURINE has been found helpful in improving athletic performance through several mechanisms:
* Improves Mental Focus
TAURINE acts as a metabolic transmitter and is important for brain metabolism. It stabilizes the heartbeat as it is an inhibitory neurotransmitter; which helps to improve focus during training.It may also help to stabilize the cell membranes in the brain and heart.
* Regulates Mineral Balance
TAURINE regulates water and mineral salts in the blood. It maintains movement of potassium, magnesium and sodium across the cell membranes and regulates ion balance between cells. Due to its ability to regulate electrolytes it may play a role in preventing muscle cramping.
TAURINE also plays a role in muscle contraction, where it enhances the ability of the muscles to generate force by increasing the uptake and release of calcium ions.
* Cell Volumizer
Similar to creatine, TAURINE draws water in muscle cells and acts as a cell volumizer; this in turn draws additional nutrients for recovery and growth; increasing cell volume and enhancing muscle fullness.
TAURINE plays a role in Nitric oxide production (NO gas present during muscle contraction and blood vessel dilation). This mechanism may enhance the workout session and lead to a more rigorous workout.
* Improves Body Composition
A clinical trial in which overweight and obese men were given 3g of TAURINE a day for 7 weeks experienced a significant reduction in serum fatty acid levels, and overall reduction in bodyweight.
It was hypothesized that TAURINE may enhance fat metabolism by aiding in the proper functioning of the digestive system. TAURINE is a key ingredient in bile (it was actually originally named Latin taurus, which means bull or ox, as it was first isolated from ox bile) and is required for fat digestion.
In a study conducted on the link between TAURINE deficiency and obesity in mice1, the researchers found that an increase in TAURINE in the body led to a greater rate of energy usage and reduction in the build up of fat. This study could lead to promising new research on TAURINE?s ability to play a role in the prevention of obesity.
A study posted in FASEB found several exercise-related benefits of TAURINE. Specifically, severe restriction of TAURINE reduced mobility of skeletal muscle, while supplementation improved skeletal functions and provided an energizing effect.
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